ARTICLES

Equity markets were relatively calm after the US election.  The recent weeks, however, have seen some increase in volatility. Is this just a blip or the start of a volatile period? Nobody knows the exact answer. But Gregory Meyer et al of FT.com reported that there are firms, notably DRW, based in Chicago,  that already…

Read More Hedging in the Mortgage Backed Securities Market Can Increase Volatilities

A common belief among commodity producers, importers and exporters is that hedging should be based on analysts’ expectations.  Hence, they often attend meetings where they expect to hear forecasts from analysts and experts. For example, Ed White recently wrote Meeting halls at farm conferences are packed when the market analysis session is scheduled with farmers…

Read More Hedging Should be Based on Risks and Not on Forecasts

At the beginning of the year, as the markets reached new highs, investors became more complacent. Early this month, Rupert Hargreaves noted: Investors have plowed billions into stocks over the past few months while the generally positive sentiment within markets has helped pull central banks back into the shadows. Central bank decisions no longer have…

Read More Now Is The Time to Hedge, But The Cost of Insurance Can Be Expensive

About a year ago, the financial world witnessed another  “Lehman moment”. It was the “near collapse” of Deutsche Bank (DB).  The financial press quickly pointed out the main reason for DB’s plunging stock price. John Glover wrote Yield-starved investors bought $102 billion of the contingent convertible bonds, securities created to help troubled banks hang onto…

Read More What Is a Contingent Convertible Bond and How to Price It ?

A convertible bond (or preferred share) is a hybrid security, part debt and part equity. Its valuation is derived from both the level of interest rates and the price of the underlying equity. Several modeling approaches are available to value these complex hybrid securities such as Binomial Tree, Partial Differential Equation and Monte Carlo simulation.…

Read More Derivative Valuation-How to Price a Convertible Bond